squeeze lime juice in a small bowlAdd fish sauce (aka Nam Pla)season with sugar and saltadd remaining ingretients, stir
serve immediately with grilled meats and or vegetablessauce is amazing with scrambled eggs
This sauce is an excellent example of flavor balance, it combines the 4 major flavorssweet, sour, bitter and saltthe lime is tart, the nam pla is bitter, the sugar is sweet, and the salt is, saltyThe 5th major flavor is Umami, which will come from the meat you eat the sauce with.
For Fun:Taste the lime juice alone, then taste it again after adding the fish sauce, it's amazing how the fish sauce neutralizes the tartness of the lime. Taste again as you add sugar and salt and see how the flavor is transformed with each addition. This should give you insight into how the sweet, sour, bitter and salt flavors work.
*you may add a few dashes of soy sauce instead of the salt
1/2 cup fresh lime juice1 teaspoon fish sauce 1/2 teaspoon sugar2 teaspoons minced garlic2 tablespoons chopped cilantro1 teaspoon shaved green onion1/2 teaspoon red chili flakespinch salt